История происхождения такого продукта как премикс началась ещё в 50-х г. прошлого века, когда в состав кормовых смесей начали добавлять витамины и соли микроэлементов. Ближе к 70-м добавлять начали и стимулирующие препараты, такие как антибиотики, аминокислоты и ферменты.
What is a premix, and what it eats?
Karina Olikhver, Marketing Manager of the plant for the production of premixes NOVACORE (Inbel, LLC)
Provenance of this product as a premix began in the 50's, the last century, when in the feed mixtures started to add vitamins and minerals salts. Closer to the 70 th and began to add stimulant medications, such as antibiotics, amino acids and enzymes. The reason for this was that the feed mills producing traditional food, could not properly meet all the needs of animals and birds in the biologically active substances. Thus there was a product called "premix", a word that consists of two Latin words: Prae - forward previously and Micseo - mix is a mixture of biologically active substances applied for the enrichment of animal feed and feed concentrates to better implementation of the genetic potential of the agricultural animals and poultry.
To date, premixes are classified according to various features:
the composition of share: at amino acid, mineral, vitamin and complex;
for the purpose: on productive (containing components stimulate productivity, improve health and strengthen the immune system of animals and birds), therapeutic and prophylactic (containing veterinary preparations for the prevention of various diseases), medical (used to treat sick animals and birds);
concentration in the feed: pre-premix (normal input to the feed to 0.5%), premix (up to 5%), protein-vitamin, protein and mineral-vitamin supplements (from 5% to 30%).
What is the premix
Externally, the premix has the form of dry granular solid mixture without lumps, color and odor characteristic of mixed prescription components, corresponding to that of the filler and a set of biologically active components.
If you disassemble the premix composition, in most cases, it includes three main components:
Vitamins (A, D, E, K, C, group B), necessary for the maintenance of all body functions (growth, health, ability to fertilize, productivity). Typically, the animal can not synthesize these natural bioactive substances, and for this reason they must be supplied with feed.
mineral substances, trace elements and microelements (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, etc.) is a structural material for constructing the skeleton of the animal, are involved in the synthesis of cells and tissues and regulate the activity of enzymes and hormones that affect the immune system and the antioxidant status .
Filler (limestone flour, bran, etc.) Promotes uniform distribution of the components in the mixture;
And additional components:
antioxidants that help prevent oxidation of fats and fat-soluble ingredients (including vitamins A and E);
Enzyme preparations (phytase, non-starch polysaccharides hydrolyses splitting, etc..) Increase the absorption of nutrients;
Antibiotics used for the prevention of infectious diseases, stimulating the growth of animals;
Amino acids (lysine, methionine, threonine, and others.) Directly involved in the synthesis of tissues of a living organism;
Flavours, sweeteners, colorants, etc.
Depending on the type of animal or birds, their age and productivity direction, and changing the composition of components in the premix.
So what's the need premix?
To date, the development of agricultural business, is very important time during which you can grow, according to current standards, farm animals and poultry. No less important is also the quality of the manufactured products (meat, eggs, milk, etc.). In a competitive environment, these two parameters should be obtained at the lowest cost of production. So do not do without active biological additives, revealing genetically inherent potential to the full in a shorter time. The mechanism of action of the premix due to the presence in it of all the components that are necessary to animals and birds, but they can not get naturally. One of these components are vitamins. They are considered essential (vital) micronutrients, each of which performs a specific task, which can not perform any other vitamin.
Vitamin A (retinol) is required for the body, playing an important role in the development, protection, and regeneration of the skin and mucous membranes. Of particular importance is to the eye;
Vitamin D is essential for the metabolism of macronutrients - calcium and phosphorus;
Vitamin E - for healthy fetal development, cell metabolism, it is important to improve the quality of meat, and the regulation of gonadal function, preparing for pregnancy and its conservation;
Vitamin K is involved in cellular metabolism, synthesizes prothrombin and accelerates the formation of liver of certain proteins involved in blood coagulation;
Vitamin C helps heal wounds, strengthens the body's resistance to infections;
Vitamin H (biotin) is essential for growth, is involved in the carboxylation and decarboxylation, important for anabolic processes and nitrogen metabolism;
B vitamins: B1 (thiamin) is essential for the normal functioning of the nervous tissue and heart muscle;
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) improves the redox process in the body, is involved in the processes associated with vision;
Vitamin B3 (niacin) is involved in glucose oxidation, and synthesizes oxidize fatty acid stimulates synthesis of glycerol;
Vitamin B4 (choline chloride) is involved in the transport of fats and in the construction of new cells;
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) is necessary for a healthy fat metabolism;
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) is important for the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, minerals;
Vitamin B9 (folic acid) is involved in the metabolism of carbon;
Vitamin B12 is essential for the growth, hematopoiesis and various metabolic processes, particularly metabolism of protein involved in the synthesis of several amino acids.
Trace elements and minerals also play an important role in the health of the animal and bird. They are necessary for the healthy functioning of the endocrine glands, the normalization of the intestinal flora, stimulating immune function, have a positive effect on metabolism, involved in protein synthesis.
In turn, properly designed premix allows:
balance the recipes of feed on the basic vitamins and trace elements;
prevent manifestations of hypovitaminosis, normalize metabolism and energy;
improve digestion and assimilation of feed;
improve the performance and safety; reduce the cost of feed;
Assists in the development of the digestive system, internal organs, skeleton and limbs;
strengthens the immune system and stress.
And this is not the whole list of benefits. Qualitative premix properties and concentration must be adapted for a particular animal or bird species, age, the direction of production and even the particular situation.
The advantages of using a premix for broilers
If we consider the benefits of using a pre-mix for specific species of animals and birds, the premix for broilers, you can:
achieve high average daily gain;
intensive growth and development of the digestive system and internal organs;
build the capacity of the future performance of the meat;
to improve the yield and quality characteristics of meat.
The advantages of using a premix for hens
Premix for laying hens, you can:
prepare the body for future pullet egg production;
achieve a standard indicators on live weight, to avoid obesity;
prevent precocious puberty;
accelerate time to peak performance and prolong its duration;
to ensure the formation of calcium depot, development and functioning of egg formation; increase the strength of the shell and categorization eggs.
The advantages of using a premix for pigs
Premix for pigs allows you to:
facilitate the adaptation of the digestive system of pigs to consume vegetable feed;
to improve the transformation of protein feed in increments;
to ensure the normal development of embryos to prevent abortion;
avoid obesity, toxicosis and degeneration of the liver;
provide fast coming to hunt after weaning.
The advantages of using a premix for cattle
Premix for cattle, you can:
get well developed, suitable for a productive and reproductive use of youngsters;
Create reserves of nutrients and provide high performance during milking;
to improve the composition of colostrum and to avoid digestive disorders in newborn calves;
to improve the transformation of nutrients in the feed part of the milk;
keep the performance gain during milking.
Which produces premix
Production of quality premix is only possible in specialized enterprises with the appropriate technological equipment, own production laboratory and highly qualified personnel. Also important is the stability of supply of quality ingredients (vitamins, micro-and macro biological additives).
Quality of the original raw materials + Food = manufacturability high-quality premix.
All of the original raw materials are used in the production of premix should not only be accompanied by documents certifying their quality and safety, but also to pass a thorough laboratory control input - both on the content declared in the accompanying certificates of quality indicators, as well as a number of additional parameters.
As for the technological preparation of premix - has its own complexity and features that affect the quality of the final product:
a special equipment manufacturing: specialized high-precision metering equipment, transportation system dosed components, equipment for homogeneous mixing, accurate filling, packaging, etc.
directly cooking technique: the possibility of joint use of those components, the sequence of their input to the mix, the need for pre-processing steps, cycles and duration of mixing, especially storage, transport, etc.
A system of monitoring the progress of the process: the system features manual dosing, milestones weighing, sampling and pre-final mixes, etc.
It is very important to preserve the activity of the input components in the manufacturing process, transportation and storage of the premix.
How to choose a producer of premix
Qualitative premix - is a mixture of vitamins, trace elements and a filler, the preparation of which is a complex process. Vitamins because of its chemical structure are highly active compounds, and the influence of various external factors, easily come in various chemical reactions and eventually lose their activity. Correspondingly a positive effect on the body of an animal or bird wherein impossible.
No need to save on buying a cheap product premixes and especially do not need to mix it yourself. Outcome can be unpredictable - up to the loss of the whole population.
To avoid purchasing defective product, you must carefully consider where and in what conditions premix, there is a private laboratory, and whether the company has the appropriate quality certificate for these products. Serious manufacturer will provide you with as much information about the vitamins, trace elements, fillers and products contributing to the preservation of all the components in the premix. Professional consultants in the field of feeding food-producing animals and poultry science will justify each administered drug will help and advise how to choose the premix.
You should also pay attention to the domestic producers of premixes, which are not inferior in quality to foreign and often even superior. This is due to the lack of customs clearance of finished products, and thus the speed of the order and the preservation of the high stability of the components of premixes for the entire shelf life. Also, the advantage of working with the local producer is that they provide services for the production of premixes for individual recipes, and depending on the situation, customers can quickly change or adjust components in recipes, buying quality premixes on the properties and concentration adapted to their particular situation.
Earnest approach to the selection of high-quality pre-mix - this increase in healthy children and its high productivity, the maximum that contributes to the prosperity of your business.
Organization of production of premixes brand PROVITAN from the plant NOVACORE complies with the best European practices of premixes, premixes and themselves - meet the requirements of quality and safety that is certified by the "European safety standard feed» GMP + B1. The presence of this standard is part of a comprehensive Integrated Management System implemented at the enterprise. In addition to the GMP +, factory certified in accordance with international standards: ISO 9001 "Quality Management System», ISO 14001 "Environmental Management System», OHSAS 18001 "management system of occupational safety and health."
Stable supplies of high-quality ingredients from manufacturers; careful control of its own modern - equipped production and testing laboratory, as the incoming raw materials and finished products; possible to automate complex system of technological processes; organization of business processes with modern European techniques and standards, as well as certification to international standards - the success of the plant for the production of premixes NOVACORE on domestic and foreign markets.
More information can be found here www.novacore.com.ua.